The Care of Phalaenopsis Orchids

Because of the long shelf live and the easy care of Phalaenopsis it has become one of the most popular houseplants. It has no special demands - but these plants do not survive for some.

Phalaenopsis form numerous aerial roots, which they use to keep yourself and absorb nutrients from the air. The flower stems arise from the lower leaf axils. Usually the are 20 to 30 cm long. The flowers that bloom for several months often develop at the tips of the items.

The demand
Location:  Phalaenopsis prefer a bright position, but do not like constant direct sunlight. A place on the east oder west window is ideal.

Water: It prefers soft, tepid water, rain water is ideal. Every week a shot glass full of water is sufficient. A proven method is to immerse the pot once a week and then drain. Many orchid lovers watering the plants at all, but daily spray the substrate with a bit of soft water. The leaves of the plant must be firm and bright green. When the leaves are soft and quirky, it is often a sign of waterlogging.

Substrat: The plant should be planted in the ground in any case, but in a special substrate, as in their homeland - the tropical / subtropical Asia - epiphytes grow on other plants. The substrate can never be too wet, since waterlogging rotten sensitive aerial roots

Temperature: The plant is happiest at 20 to 30 degrees during the day. The night temperatures should be at minimum at 15 degrees C. There should be a normal humidity in the room, if necessary, make a small bowl  with a damp clay granules  next to it.

: If the plant is faded, the flower stems after they have dried, cut back to two eyes.

The flower
How do I get my plant to bloom again now the fastest?
For a good flower formation is a temperature difference between day and night from 5 degrees Celsius particularly helpful. If the plant has no flower at all and no new flower initials are to see, so it may help if you placed something cool for at least four weeks (15-18 degrees), reduce watering and do not fertilize.

When and how often should be fertilized?
In summer should be fertilized at least once a month with a special orchid fertilizer, ideally with a water mister to spray the leaves and the aerial roots. Ochid fertilizer is particularly low doses. Exactly this is important because the plant must survive with minimal nutrient rations in nature, namely the organic matter decomposed leaves that have accumulated in branch forks.

How often should be repotted?
At best every two years. It should always orchid medium to use. The best time for repotting is the spring after flowering. The old substrate is carefully extract from the roots. Healthy roots are grey-green. Old and rotten roots here carefully cut out with the secateurs, also old leaves and dried flower stems.
The plant should be re-planted in a large pot equally. Keep the plant in a pot so that the root collar is about 2 inches above the rim of the pot and fill the new substrate gently with one hand in the pot on. By gentlly shaking the pot to the substrate  between the roots spread.